Photo of the Watergate by M.V. Jantzen used under a Creative Commons license.
Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, All the President’s Men (Simon & Schuster, 1994).
The true and well-known story of how two young reporters at the Washington Post brought down the President of the United States. Woodward and Bernstein pursued leads they found in writing about a break-in at the Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate complex, and kept pursuing them all the way to the Oval Office and a Pulitzer Prize. The book ends with the resignations of H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman and the disclosure that Nixon had been taping conversations. The two authors later wrote The Final Days, about the bitter end of the Nixon Administration. Thirty years later, the cast of characters in the capitol has mostly changed, but this is still the quintessential story of modern American politics.
The University of Texas’s Harry Ransom Center offers this sketch of Woodward, Bernstein, and the events that led to the book. This series on washingtonpost.com also describes how the story started. Many of the original reviews are not particularly accessible now, but Woodward was interviewed in 1997 on the 25th anniversary of the Watergate break-in, and you can watch the trailer for the movie. Ron Rosenbaum remembers the day Nixon resigned and Daily Sally remembers Woodward and Bernstein back in the day.